The Government has set-out its road map which will see lockdown restrictions across England cautiously lifted, in four steps over the course of the next four months. 

The four-step plan is designed to provide a route back to a more normal way of life, but what does it mean for the people of East Lancashire and when will things start to re-open?

The Government says each step will be assessed against four tests before restrictions are eased, with the first step starting on March 8, with a return to schools for pupils across the country.

Boris Johnson is clear that the decision on each stage will be based on 'data not dates', and government will move cautiously to keep infection rates under control.

This Is Lancashire:

Before proceeding to the next step, the Government will examine the data to assess the impact of previous steps.

This assessment will be based on four tests:

  • The vaccine deployment programme continues successfully.
  • Evidence shows vaccines are sufficiently effective in reducing hospitalisations and deaths in those vaccinated.
  • Infection rates do not risk a surge in hospitalisations which would put unsustainable pressure on the NHS.
  • Our assessment of the risks is not fundamentally changed by new variants of concern.

In a statement to parliament on Monday he paid tribute to the extraordinary success of the UK’s vaccination programme and the resolve of the British public in following the lockdown restrictions, which has helped to cut infection rates and reduce the spread of the virus.

He also set out the latest vaccine efficacy data, with Public Health England finding that one dose of the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine reduces hospitalisations and deaths by at least 75 per cent. Analysis of the AstraZeneca vaccine efficacy continues, with promising early results.

Supported by the increased protection offered by these vaccines, the government is able to slowly and cautiously begin to ease restrictions in all areas across England at the same time, guided at all stages by data, not dates. 

How many weeks are there between steps?

There will be a minimum of five weeks between each step: four weeks for the data to reflect changes in restrictions; followed by seven days’ notice of the restrictions to be eased.

The Chief Medical Officer and the Chief Scientific Adviser have made clear that this will give adequate time to assess the impact of each step and reduce the risk of having to re-impose restrictions at a later date.

This Is Lancashire:

STEP ONE

From March 8:

The Prime Minister said getting children back into school has been the top priority, and so from March 8 all children and students will return to face to face education in schools and college.

By this point, everyone in the top four vaccine priority cohorts – as determined by the independent JCVI – will have received the first dose of their vaccine and developed the necessary protection from it.

Also from this date:

Wraparound childcare and other supervised children’s activities, such as after-school clubs and breakfast clubs can resume where they enable parents to work, seek work, attend education, seek medical care or attend a support group.

Care home residents will be allowed one regular visitor provided they are tested and wear PPE.

The Stay at Home requirement will remain, but people can leave home for recreation outdoors such as a coffee or picnic with their household or support bubble, or with one person outside their household

Some university students on practical courses will be able to return to face to face learning

From March 29:

As part of step one, there will be further limited changes from March 29, the week in which most schools will break up for Easter.

Outdoor gatherings of either six people or two households will be allowed, providing greater flexibility for families to see each other. This includes in private gardens.

Outdoor sports facilities, such as tennis and basketball courts, will be allowed to reopen, and people can take part in formally organised outdoor sports.

At this point, the Stay at Home order will end, although many lockdown restrictions will remain.

For example, you should continue to work from home where possible, and overseas travel remains banned, aside for a small number of reasons.

This Is Lancashire:

STEP TWO

No earlier than April 12:

Non-essential retail, personal care premises, such as hairdressers and nail salons, and public buildings, such as libraries and community centres, will reopen.

Most outdoor attractions and settings, including zoos, and theme parks, will also reopen although wider social contact rules will apply in these settings to prevent indoor mixing between different households. Drive-in cinemas and drive-in performances will also be permitted.

Indoor leisure facilities, such as gyms and swimming pools, will also reopen - but only for use by people on their own or with their household - so no group classes at this stage.

Hospitality venues can serve people outdoors only. There will be no need for customers to order a substantial meal with alcohol, and no curfew - although customers must order, eat and drink while seated.

Self-contained accommodation, such as holiday lets, where indoor facilities are not shared with other households, can also reopen.

Funerals can continue with up to 30 people, and the numbers able to attend weddings, receptions and commemorative events such as wakes will rise to 15 (from six).

This Is Lancashire:

STEP THREE

No earlier than 17 May:

Outdoors, most social contact rules will be lifted - although gatherings of over 30 people will remain illegal.

Outdoor performances such as outdoor cinemas, outdoor theatres and outdoor cinemas can reopen.

Indoors, the rule of six or two households will apply - although we will keep under review whether it is safe to increase this.

Indoor hospitality, entertainment venues such as cinemas and soft play areas, the rest of the accommodation sector, and indoor adult group sports and exercise classes will also reopen.

Larger performances and sporting events in indoor venues with a capacity of 1,000 people or half-full (whichever is lower) will also be allowed, as will those in outdoor venues with a capacity of 4,000 people or half-full (whichever is lower).

In the largest outdoor seated venues where crowds can spread out, up to 10,000 people will be able to attend (or a quarter-full, whichever is lower).

Up to 30 people will be able to attend weddings, receptions and wakes, as well as funerals. Other life events that will be permitted include bar mitzvahs and christenings.

STEP FOUR 

No earlier than 21 June:

It is hoped all legal limits on social contact can be removed.

The Government hope to re-open nightclubs, and lift restrictions on large events and performances that apply in Step Three.

This will also guide decisions on whether all limits can be removed on weddings and other life events.

This Is Lancashire:

Leader of Blackburn with Darwen Council, Councillor Mohammed Khan, said on Monday: “Today’s announcement providing a road map for cautiously easing the current lockdown restrictions has provided us all with some much needed clarity.

“We know residents and businesses are tired of this terrible virus and the devastating impact it has had on our community and economy cannot be understated.

"The steps laid out today give us all an idea of the way back – with the targets we must reach - to some kind of normality.

“There is light at the end of the tunnel and I want to thank everyone for doing their bit to bring the case numbers down across the borough.

"However rates are still high, so it’s very important we proceed with caution, respect the restrictions that remain in place and follow the hands, face, space rules; as this is the most effective way to control the spread of all variants of coronavirus.

“Get tested if you're feeling unwell or have any concerns about possible symptoms.

"And get a rapid SMART test if you don’t have symptoms but are leaving home to work or live nearby any of our SMART testing hubs.

“It’s also vital to get vaccinated when offered one as the data is showing what a strong impact the national programme is having on transmission and serious illness caused by Covid-19.

“With some businesses, including those in the hospitality industry, not permitted to reopen for some time still it’s absolutely vital the Government keep businesses at the front of their thoughts and make sure they have all the support they need.

"Furlough payments must be extended and a higher, more realistic, financial support package for all those required to self-isolate.

“Our local schools have been fantastic throughout this pandemic and we will continue to work closely with them to put the steps in place to welcome the safe return of children, young people and staff.”

In the meantime, the vaccination programme continues at pace, with the announcement of a new target to offer a first dose of the vaccine to every adult by the end of July.

The Government hopes that the increased protection offered by vaccines will gradually replace the restrictions, with the road map published on Monday providing the principles of the transition.

MPs will have an opportunity to vote on the regulations that will enable this road map in Parliament in the coming weeks.

The Government say they will continue to work closely with the devolved administrations as they have throughout the pandemic.

For the full 68 page document containing all the details click on this link